There are four ligaments in the knee that are prone to injury: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the most commonly injured knee ligament. It connects the thigh bone to the shin bone. Muscle weakness or incoordination predispose you to a ligament sprain or tear. Treatment for ligament tears include:
Patellar tracking disorder is usually caused by several problems combined, such as: Weak thigh muscles, tendons, ligaments, or muscles in the leg that are too tight or too loose. Activities that stress the knee again and again, especially those with twisting motions. Treatment for Patella tracking issues:
Known as "Patellofemoral pain syndrome" this occurs when nerves sense pain in the soft tissues and bone around the kneecap. In some cases of kneecap pain, a condition called chondromalacia patella is present. Chondromalacia patella is the softening and breakdown of the articular cartilage on the underside of the kneecap.
People with damage to the cartilage in a joint (articular cartilage damage) will experience: Inflammation - the area swells, becomes warmer than other parts of the body, and is tender, sore, and painful. Stiffness. Range limitation - as the damage progresses, the affected limb will
not move so freely and easily.