Compression Stockings/Socks

What are compression stockings/socks?

image89

Compression socks or stockings can be found on the legs of a wide range of people, from pilots, flight attendants, runners, and nurses to pregnant women, people recovering from surgery, and people otherwise at risk for blood clots in their legs.


Compression Rating

image90

Under 20 mmHg or over the counter:

As a general rule, mild or very light compression (under 15 mmHg) is for healthy people, such as pregnant women who have tired or fatigued legs from sitting or standing all day. Moderate compression (15 to 20 mmHg) can prevent DVT in airline passengers or help with minor leg swelling.


20 mmHg to 40 mmHg or medical grade:

Higher compression levels (20 to 30 mmHg, 30 to 40 mmHg, or more than 40 mmHg), sometimes referred to as “medical-grade,” are for medical uses such as varicose veins, edema, and preventing blood clots post-surgery. These higher compression stockings are often graduated, meaning they are tighter at the bottom (foot and ankle) and looser at the top. 

Types of stockings/socks

image91

Knee High

They come in many styles and thickness, they range from a thick cushion cotton sock to thin ultra sheer pantyhose material.  They are available in many colours in open and closed toe styles.

Thigh High

When full leg compression is required on 1 or both legs.  They are also available in open and closed toe, in different fabric options and many colours to choose from.  Silicone bands are used to minimize slippage.

Pantyhose

These are stockings when full leg support is required bilaterally. They are also available in open and closed toe, in different fabric options and many colours to choose from.  

Others

There are also socks and sleeves that come in different lengths to cover different parts of your body.